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MUSEUMS AND HISTORICAL ARCHIVES

APRILIA
Permanent exhibit of the History of the City at the Istituto Comprensivo “G. Pascoli”, Via delle Palme, 15 Tel. 0692704059 – fax 069275467. It is composed of some sections currently being expanded, which cover the ancient history of the area and the founding of the city. Panels of archaeological sites, ethnographic materials of the pre-reclamation country civilisation, blow-ups revisiting the route of the planning origins, the competition for the town plan and creation of the city. Opening hours: Tuesday: 11:30-13:00 and 16:00-17:00, Friday and the first Sunday of the month: 11.00-13:00.
BASSIANO
“Aldina Opera” Museum in the Town Hall, Via Aldo Manuzio 119 Tel. 0773355226. The museum is dedicated to Aldus Manutius, the great humanist and printer, father of modern publishing, who was born in Bassiano in 1449 and died in Venice in 1515. Printing machines from the 18th and 19th centuries are on display, as well as a variety of printing tools and books. Opening hours: from October 1 to May 31: 09.30-12:30 and 15:30-17:30; from June 1 to September 30: 9:30-12:30 and 17:00-19:00
CORI
Museum of the City and Territory in the Town Hall, Via G. Matteotti Tel. 0696617243. Set up in 2000, the museum is housed in the complex of monuments of S. Oliva. The exhibition is displayed on 3 floors and covers the evolution of the territory of Monti Lepini over a span of approx. 35 centuries (from prehistoric to contemporary times). In addition, there are many works that the graveurs G.B. Piranesi and L. Rossini dedicated to Cori antiquity. Opening hours: Friday, Saturday and Sunday: 10:00 to 18:00; other days by reservation only. Historical Municipal Archives in Palazzo Vanni, Vicolo Prosperi-Buzzi Tel. 0696617246. The separate section of the Historic Archives of Cori, the only one of its kind in the province of Latina, preserves municipal and associated archives. As concerns the pre-unification period, ten sectors have been collected: Boards, Justice, Adjudications and Unions, Deeds, Registries of Letters, Revenues and Expenses, Remembrances, Cadastres, Letters from Superiors, various Mattters. On the other hand, the post-unification archives contain the complete series of resolutions by the Board, Council and Authorities; Registry Offices; Conscription Lists, and Registries of Accounts and Contracts. Finally, correspondence is preserved and ordered by “category and series”, “divisions and sections” and “category and class”. Opening hours: Monday, Wednesday, Friday: 9:00 to 13:00. Capitular Archives of S. Maria della Pietà, Via S. Maria della Pietà 1 Tel. 069678150 These archives hold documents regarding the chapter of the “renowned” and “primary” Collegiate Church of Cori Valle, to which have been added documents and registers from the archives of the former parishes of S. Caterina d’Alessandria, S. Michele Arcangelo, SS. Salvatore and the Augustinian Convent of the Augustinians of S. Oliva. Open by request.
FONDI
Town Archaeological Museum “8 Ottobre 1877” in the Caetani Castle, Viale Regina Margherita 101 Tel. 0771503775 Founded on 8 October 1877, the museum holds approx. 400 pieces, originating from excavations and finds carried out throughout the municipal area. Among them is a marble mummy case dating back to the 4th century B.C. The museum is divided into sections: epigraphic, statuary, mile posts and votive columns, ephebes, puteal, votive offerings, capitals, fragments of mosaics and architraves. Opening hours: from October 1 to May 31: Monday to Saturday (excl. Wednesday), 17:00-20:00; Sunday: 10:00 to 12:00 and 17:00-20:00; from June 1 to September 30: Monday to Saturday (excl. Wednesday), 18:00-21:00; Sunday: 10:00-12:00 and 17:00-20:00
FORMIA
National Archaeological Museum in the Municipal Building, Via Vitruvio Tel. 0771770382. Created in 1997, it makes up the expansion of a previous Antiquarium, set up in 1968. It occupies a wing of the 18th century municipal building, know as “Stalloni dei Borboni”. Prevalently kept here are honorary male and female statues, uncovered mainly in the ancient city forum area, and mostly dating back to between the 1st century B.C. and 1st century A.D. In addition, there are portrayals of divinities and mythological figures, once used to decorate the sumptuous villas that rose up along the coast as well as numerous architectural components and a sizable sampling of Roman coins dating back to the Republican age and late Empire. Opening hours: daily (excl. January 1, May 1, and December 25): 9:00–19:00 Archaeological Museum of the Church of S. Erasmo in the Church of S. Erasmo, Via degli Olivetani Tel. and fax 0771700287 Situated in a vast hypogeal space under the floor of the church, in the area excavated between 1970 and 1976, it encompasses various sectors characterised by two main cult groups (the tomb of the martyrs and the annular crypt), pagan and early Christian burial tombs, the area for exhibiting recovered stone and clay material and the so-called Carolingian chapel. Also visible are part of the wall from the 4th century building, Christian epigraphs and the remains of a casket tomb. Opening hours: Summer: Sunday, 18:00-20:00, all other days by request only. Winter: Sunday, 17:00-19:00, all other days by request only
GAETA
Museum of the Cultural Historic Centre, Via Annunziata 7 Tel. 0771464293. Set up in the old hospital of SS. Annunziata, this museum hosts noteworthy local pictorial evidence from the High Middle Ages and Late Gothic period, as well as works from Renaissance and Baroque periods originating from sacred buildings in the city and environs. The supply of culture is enriched by the highly prized Lepanto standard from 1571, a collection of archaeological finds from the Roman period and Middle Ages and a library of books dedicated to native history and art. Opening hours: Daily: 16:30-19:30, mornings by request. Museum of the Diocese and Piety in the Parco dei Monti Aurunci, situated in Palazzo De Vio Tel. 07714530233. Previously arranged in three halls above the Pronaos (entrance porticos) of the Cathedral, the museum was moved to this site in 2006. It holds works of notable interest (paintings on panels and canvas, detached frescoes, architectural fragments and sculptures from Roman and Medieval periods, wood sculptures, manuscripts, prints, vestments and sacred fittings) from the Cathedral itself and churches in the surrounding area. Of special interest is a base for a Paschal candle from the 13th century, a book holder and marble sculpture, portraying a man enveloped by the coils of a snake, from the 12th century and three Exultets from the 11th and 12th centuries. Opening hours: by request at the Diocesan Administration Office on Piazza Episcopo. Capitular Chapter Archives of the Cathedral, Tel. 07714530215. This is one of the most important historical archives in southern Lazio. Kept here are ancient parchments of public and ecclesiastic life of the Duchy of Gaeta; diocesan documents; notarial deeds, choir books, manuscripts, papal bulls and accounting books. The Archives are to be moved into rooms in Palazzo T.De Vio. The Historic Archives of the Institution of SS. Annunziata and I.P.A.B. (Public Welfare and Charity Institutions) annexes of SS. Annunziata, Via Annunziata 21 Tel. 0771460064, preserve considerable palaeographic records from the 14th century concerning the old hospital and welfare activities carried out by the Institution and appurtenant works over a time-span of seven hundred years. Among the principal documents are: the Statuta Privilegia et Consuetudinis Civitatis Caietae, wills, contracts, administrative deeds, parchments and choir books. Open by reservation only. “Nicola Magliocca” Historic Municipal Archives, Cultural Historic Centre of Gaeta in Via Annunziata 7 Tel. 0771464293, contains a collection of all the town resolutions from 1504 until post-unification, in addition to the valuable incunaboli, documents relative to ancient royal privileges and legislative provisions, municipal accounting books, a transcription of the parchments from the University of Gaeta, the tanning register and two sections from the archives dating back to the division of Gaeta into two municipalities. Opening hours: workdays, 16:30-19:30, mornings by request only.
ITRI
Museum of Banditry, Corso Appio Claudio 268 Tel. 077172106.1 Set up in July 2003, the museum is divided into three sections: accounts of history, accounts of myths and accounts of places, which, by placing the origins revealed across the land of banditry in a sequence, highlight the cultural horizon, in which they regain legibility. Opening hours: daily (excl. Monday): 16:00-20:00 Collection of historic panels of votive offerings, Sanctuary of the Madonna della Civita, Via Civita Farnese Tel. 0771727116. Set up in 1997 in one of the service halls in the Sanctuary of Itri, the collection includes ancient plaques left by the faithful as memoirs and thanks for having been saved from severe difficulties through the intercession of the Madonna. These are pure naïve works in oil paint on canvas or small plaques and relate the “happening”. Opening hours: Winter: daily, 10:00-12:00 and 16:00-17:00 Summer: daily, 10:00-12:00 and 17:00-19:00
LATINA
Municipal Antiquarium at the Procoio di Borgo Sabotino Tel. 0773652626 (Municipality of Latina – Association for the Promotion of Culture), 0773652632, 0773645061. Founded in 1995, and expanded in 1997, it is set up a the Procoio di Borgo Sabotino (a 19th century proto-industrial structure, formerly used for processing milk). Informative panels reconstruct the economic and social conditions of the Pontine area, from prehistory to the Roman era. The marine archaeology section is of special interest, with its display of material from a wreck found at Foce Verde. Upon request, one can visit the archaeological area of Satricum (that flourished between the 7th and 5th centuries B.C.), where the vestiges of the temple of Mater Matuta on the Acropolis are visible, and where excavations continue, bringing significant finds to light. Opening hours: Monday to Friday: 9:00-13:00, Tuesday and Thursday also 16:00-18:00 open evenings in the summer. Museum of the Pontine Territory, Piazza del Quadrato 22 c/o ARSIAL Tel. 0773664144, 0773695364. Founded by the ARSIAL (a local development agency) in 1999 and set up in the historic building of the former Opera Nazionale Combattenti (National Veterans Association) to relate the history of the first 56 years of the 20th century, from the pre-reclamation period to the agrarian transformation of the Agro Pontino, by means of historic, photographic cartographic and iconographic documentation. The museum is divided into 5 sections: malaria, pre-reclamation, hydraulic reclamation, division into farms, agrarian transformation. On exhibit in the garden are agricultural equipment and machines. Opening hours: Monday: 9:00-13:00 and 15:00-18:00, Wednesday: 15:00-18:00 Friday: 9:00-13:00, Saturday and Sunday, by reservation only. Picture Gallery of Modern and Contemporary Art, Via Umberto I, 39/41 Tel. 0773652632 – fax 0773652640. Founded in 1937, with works donated by institutions and artists invited to the XX Biennale of Venice and II Roman Quadriennale, most of which was scattered during the Second World War. Reopened in 1994, today the gallery hosts over 500 works, exhibited in three halls in the Palazzo della Cultura and foyer of the Municipal Theatre, which reconstruct the path of Italian art between the two wars, paying particular attention to the 1930s of the 20th century. Opening hours: Monday to Friday: 9:00-13:00, Tuesday and Thursday also 16:00-18:00, Saturday and Sunday, by reservation only. Duilio Cambellotti Museum in the former National Balilla Opera House, Piazza S. Marco Tel. 0773652632 – fax 0773661821. Founded in 1999 and transferred to the new spaces in the former National Balilla Opera House, the exhibit documents the relationship between Duilio Cambellotti and the Pontine and Lepino territory, through graphic designs, roughcasts in bronze and gypsum, etc. related to works created for the area and placed in various cities and sites in the Province of Latina. In addition to the core of Fonte della Palude, the Vannini works, sketches for the Court of Assizes and the Prefecture, there is an exhibit of material relative to the cycle of the sources, labour, animals, schools of the Agro Romano and Pontino, War Memorials and an abundant body of original designs for illustrations. Opening hours: Monday to Saturday: 10:00-13:00 and 17:00-19:30, Sunday by reservation only. “M. Valeriani” Museum of Numismatics, Engraved Graphics and Photographs, Via Umberto I, 39/41 Tel. 0773652630 – fax 0773652640. Founded in 1999, the museum has a single hall for a collection of medals (over 300) from various eras, but principally from the 20th century. They are donations from the G. Romagnoli and M. Valeriani families, works by Cambellotti, Canaletti, Chigi della Rovere, Cazzaniga and others, as well as works of graphic art by 20th century artists, such as Cagli, Gagliardo, Costantini, Viani, and others. Of special note is the plentiful collection of 20th century ex.libris. Opening hours: Monday to Friday 9:00-13:00, Tuesday and Thursday also 16:00-18:00, Saturday and Sunday, by reservation only. Historic Exhibition Centre, Piana delle Orme inside the company L.De Pasquale, Via Migliara 43,5 – Borgo Faiti Tel. 0773258708 – fax 0773255000. Founded in 1997, this exhibit arose from a private collection containing an approximated 50,000 items, including military, country civilisation and material life, gathered into thematic exhibition pavilions: epoch toys, reclamation of the swamps, marshes, agricultural vehicles, farm-life, epoch war vehicles (from El Alamein to Messina, disembarkation at Anzio, Cassino), among which is the American tank, the “Sherman M4”, used in Roberto Benigni’s film “La vita è bella”, and the American fighter plane “Curtiss P40-L”, shot down over the skies of Latina and retrieved from the Pontine coastal waters in 1998. Two other pavilions are allocated to the storage of rotation materials, and still another to a permanent swap market, with modern collectibles, or from the dismantling of military depots. Opening hours: Winter: workdays upon request: 9:00-16:00; Sundays/Holidays (excl. December 25): 9:00-17:00; Summer: daily: 9:00-18:30 Sessano ’50s Museum, from the Lestra (country glade) to Podere Borgo Podgora, in the Parish Church Tel. 0773637031. The museum was founded in 1978 to commemorate that Sessano (original name for Borgo Podgora) was the first town in the province to be reclaimed and, during the first 4 years, the living quarters for workers of the Association for the Reclamation of Piscinara. Photographs and objects are exhibited here that were used in the Pontine flatlands during the period from 1926 (immediately prior to the reclamation) until 1944 (year of the allied disembarkation at Anzio-Nettuno. Ample space is given to the evidence of work during the reclamation and Venetian colonisation. Opening hours: by request only. State Archives, Via dei Piceni 24 Tel. 0773610930. Founded in 1956, these archives hold not only documents from local State offices, operating in the province, but also documentation concerning territories that previously belonged to the Provinces of Rome, Frosinone, Caserta and Naples. Among the documents kept here, the oldest is a parchment from 1254, followed by notarial documents and acts from the Government of Cori. The Italian Realm and Republic are documented in deeds from the new Registry Office, Police Headquarters, the Prefecture, Court, Public Prosecutor at the Magistrate’s Court, Military District, Direct Taxes, Food Inspectorate, State Forestry Core, Civil Engineers and Provincial Administration. Of considerable interest are the collections of abolished Associations of the Piscinara Reclamation, Pontine Reclamation, National Veterans Association, Agro-Pontine Inspectorate and Provincial Anti-malaria Board and Welfare Centre for Foreign Refugees. The Archives also have a library, containing approx. 7,000 treatises, 160 national periodicals and about fifty local magazines. Opening hours: Monday to Friday: 8:30-19:00; Saturday: 8:30-13:30 State Archives, Hall of Reclamations, Via dei Piceni, 24 Tel. 0773610930 Within the State Archives, a Hall of Reclamations has been set up. Here are exhibited, among other things, the famous topographical map of 1791 and gypsum bust of Eng. Gaetano Rappini, who planned the 18th century reclamation for Pio VI. Other spaces contain a documentary exhibit on the 16th century, which traces an itinerary in the Pontine territory from the 6th century until the reclamation by Pope Sixtus V. Opening hours: daily, except for holidays: 8:30-13:30, Tuesday and Thursday also 15:30-17:30 Photographic Archives of the Association for the Reclamation of Agro Pontino and Documentation Centre on Reclamation Works, Corso Matteotti, 101 Tel. 077346641 – fax 0773696813. The current Association, in operation since 1996, originated out of the merger of two historic associations (those of the Pontine and Latina Reclamations). The aim was to document the physical, hydraulic, living and social transformation of an area through an important collection of photographs. Opening hours: Monday to Friday: 9:00-13:00 National Veterans Association Book Collection at the Municipal Library, Piazza del Popolo, 1 Tel. 0773690695. This collection is owned by the municipality and is a collection of various rare, valuable volumes, published between 1500 and 1800 and dedicated to the history of the Pontine territory and its reclamation. The Library has a section for the visually impaired, with books in Braille and spoken books. Opening hours: Monday to Saturday: 8:45-13:30 and 14:30-19:30 “Goffredo Detrassi” Institute of Musical Studies at the Università degli Studi “La Sapienza”, Rome – Latina Section, Viale Le Corbusier 379 Tel. 0773605550. Founded in 1993, the institute offers: documentation on contemporary music, with special attention paid to documents by Goffredo Detrassi; a music library (printed music, literature and magazines, soundtrack collections); the historic archives of the International Music Campus of Latina. Opening hours: Tuesday and Thursday: 10:00-13:00
MINTURNO
Archaeological District of Minturnae and Marina di Minturno Antiquarium – S.S.7 Appia, km.156,00 – Via Punta Fiume Tel. and fax 0771680093. From its origin, Minturnae has played a strategic role due to its position of control over crossing the Garigliano River. The construction of Via Appia (312 B.C.) further increased the importance of the site. A Roman colony in 296 B.C., it developed considerably, from a commercial standpoint, during the eras of Caesar and Augusto. Significant evidence about life in Minturnae remains in the archaeological district: the town walls, the ancient Via Appia Antica, the Castrum (encampment), the Capitolium, the Republican and Imperial Forums, theatre, aqueduct, macellum (marketplace), temples, public latrines, etc. The Antiquarium is annexed to the archaeological park. Most of it is composed of finds retrieved during the excavations of 1931-1933. Opening hours: Daily: from 09:00 until one hour before sunset Guided tours by reservation only Aurunco Ethnographic Museum, Corso Vittorio Emanuele III Tel. 0771674311. Set up by the S. Marco Cultural Association, the museum houses local costumes, utensils from the past and epoch photographs that document the most significant evidence of country and nautical civilisation, to which the structure in the former Church of S. Biagio is dedicated. Opening hours: Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday: 10:00-12:00 and 17:00-19:00, by appointment on the other days
NORBA
Town Archaeological Museum of early Norba, Via della Liberazione Tel. 0773352801 (Town Hall), 0773353806. Founded in 1995 and enlarged with some finds from the excavation site in Norba in 1999, such as a mummy case from the 2nd century A.D. and other pieces given back by the Archaeological Office. Instruments and video and multimedia equipment show the spectacular reconstruction of a virtual path through Norba itself, destroyed by Silla followers for its support of Marius, and never reconstructed again. The vestiges of the city are found on a plateau not far from today’s Norma and are the object of constant, ongoing research that has resulted in identification of the main buildings. Opening hours: Monday to Friday: 9:30-21:30; Saturday and Sunday: 9:30-12:30 and 16:00-19:00. In Norba: daily guided tours by reservation only. Chocolate Museum at DOL.C.I.P.P., Via Colle Catilina 20 Tel. 0773354548 – fax 0773353997. By means of exhibition panels, a quick exhibit illustrates the path of chocolate from the Maya civilisation (where chocolate was considered the beverage of the Gods), to its arrival in the Imperial courts of Europe until today and its widespread use. In addition, one is informed about the plant (from planting to harvesting and processing of the seeds: fermentation, drying, roasting and processing). Early advertising prints and packaging are evidence of the everlasting passion for this delicious foodstuff. Opening hours: September to May: workdays, 9:00-13:00 and 14:30-20:00; Sundays and holidays, 9:30-13:00 and 15:00-18:00
PONTINA
Museum of Malaria and its history, Multipurpose Cultural Centre, Viale Cavour 23 Tel. 0773841504 – fax 0773841505. Set up in 1990, the museum relates the history of the Pontine marshes through malaria, a disease that had a strong influence here. The idea of setting up a museum dedicated to malaria originated from the discovery of a series of documents (such as maps and graphics about the fight against larvae and mosquitoes, pamphlets and many packages of medicine used for the prevention and cure of the disease, considered extinct in the Agro Pontino since 1949). These documents were discovered during the reorganisation of the Archives at the Municipal Health Office. Opening hours: daily (excl. Saturday and holidays): 9:00-12:00 and 15:00-18:30
PRIVERNO
Municipal Archaeological Museum. Piazza L.Tacconi, Tel. and fax 0773905065. Inaugurated in May 1996, the museum is located in the 19th century Bishop’s Palace and dedicated to Privernum, an ancient Volscian city. Its story is told through the many finds retrieved in the archaeological area in the town of Mezzagosto and exhibited in 12 halls: kitchen crockery and glassware, amphorae, looms, architectural terracotta from temples, statues and portraits of famous persons, engravings, mosaics removed from homes from the last centuries of the Republic, a Hellenistic floor, a mosaic emblem, believed to be a mosaic version of a Hellenistic painting, as well as an informative device, explanatory texts, graphic reconstructions, photographs and plastic models. Opening hours: from September 16 to May 31: Tuesday to Friday, 9:00-13:00, Saturday and Sunday: 9:00-13:00 and 15:00-18:00; from June 1-30 and September 1-15: Tuesday to Friday, 16:00-20:00, Saturday and Sunday 10:00-13:00 and 16:00-20:00; August: daily, 10:00-13:00 and 16:00-20:00; closed on Christmas day, New Year’s, Easter and August 15. Medieval Museum of Fossanova S.P. Marittima, km.10,200 – Fossanova Tel. 0773938006. Inaugurated In November 2001, it is associated with the history of the Privernum flatland and the last phases of life of the High Middle Ages, and the abbatial complex of Fossanova. The museum is located on the first floor of the building, which was used for guests in the early structure of the Abbey; it houses materials retrieved from the excavations that took place starting from 2000 in the Privernum area and generally pertaining to an imposing church. The main core of the museum is dedicated to illustration, with a sequence of panels of the evolution of the Fossanova Abbey over the centuries. Completing the exhibit is a series of architectural sculptures and materials related to daily life in the Abbey. Opening hours: from September 16 to May 31: Tuesday to Friday 9:00-13:00, Saturday and Sunday: 9:00-13:00 and 15:00-18:00, from June 1-30 and September 1-15: Tuesday to Friday, 16:00-20:00, Saturday and Sunday 10:00-13:00 and 16:00-20:00; August: daily, 10:00-13:00 and 16:00-20:00; closed on Christmas day, New Year’s, Easter and August 15. “Giochiamo all’infinito” (Endless playing), Museum of Mathematics at the Castello di S. Martino Tel. 0773904601 – fax 0773904973. Set up in halls of the restored Castello di S. Martino, within a lovely park, the museum is the absolute first to be dedicated entirely to mathematics and its applications. By means of the most interactive approach possible, visitors are led along an exhibition path and come into contact with objects arranged in such a way as to reveal the treasure of the underlying mathematics. Each hall develops a subject through explanations, suggestions, links to the various sites, where tutorials on all levels of mathematics are found; texts, curiosities and math games can be downloaded. Opening hours: from September 16 to may 31: Tuesday to Friday, 9:00-13:00, Saturday and Sunday 9:00-13:00 and 15:00-20:00; from June 1-30 and September 1-15: Tuesday to Friday, 16:00-20:00 Saturday and Sunday 10:00-13:00 and 16:00-20:00; August: daily (excl. August 15), 10:00-13:00 and 16:00-20:00. Historic Municipal Archives, Via Pomponio Palombo, 5 Tel. 0773912501. Having opened in 1989, the archives contain documents from Local Collections, starting from 1525, most of which were recently reorganised. Volumes dedicated to documentary shows and local history are available. Opening hours: daily, 9:00-13:00
ROCCAGORGA
Ethnomuseum of Monti Lepini, Palazzo Baronale Tel. 0773958947. Open since 11 December 1999, the museum is divided into various halls, in which the ethnological development of the local community is represented by thematic area: the evolving of the community, rites and myths, the Splendore cinema, the tragedy of 6 January 1913, the farming culture, country musicology, all rendered especially charming by the creation of true set designs. Opening hours: Tuesday to Sunday: 10:00-13:00 and 16:00-19:00, Saturday and Sunday 9:00-13:00 and 15:00-18:00. Museum – Air Force Aces at the G.Restani School, Via Domenico Menta Tel. 0773959098. The museum is made up of a library, which holds texts on the history of the Air Force and military history, from their origins to present day, a variety of memorabilia of the First World War and the Resistance of 1943-1945, documents recalling the air crash of 1936 and a copy of the war diary by F.Baracca. Visits to be agreed to
ROCCA SECCA DEI VOLSCI
Historic Museum of the Freemasonry, Palazzo Massimo on Piazza Umberto I Tel. 0773920326. One of a kind in Italy and second in Europe, the museum is located in recently restored Palazzo Massimo, with a broad staircase, a hall of over 100 sq. meters, other rooms and frescoed spaces. Visits to be agreed to
SABAUDIA
“Marcello Zei” Town Museum of the Sea and Coastline, Piazza Verbania 1 Tel. 0773511340 – fax 0773515791. The museum is dedicated to knowledge of the Pontine coastline and its evolution over time. It houses a sizable collection of conches from all over the world and belonging to the most representative marine environments, with special attention paid to the biocoenosis of the Pontine coastline, mainly in the Quaternary. One section is dedicated to the pre-historic period with an exhibit of stone and bone objects and remains of palaeofauna that document the transformation of the area around Circeo, where the presence of man dates back to at least the last glacial period. Another section is dedicated to marine archaeology and maritime traffic in the Mediterranean. Opening hours: from September to June: Monday to Saturday, 15:00-19:00; July and August: Tuesday to Friday, 15:00-19:00, Saturday and Sunday, 16:30-20:30. Naturalistic Museum in Circeo National Park, Villa di Domiziano, Visitors’ Centre in the Park, Via Carlo Alberto, 107 Tel. 0773511385. Founded in 1980, the museum is divided into sections, in which pictures, informative panels and finds represent a fusion of the principal environments and natural historic and cultural aspects of the Park area. There are also various aquariums where one can see the main species of fish that live in both the brackish coastal lakes and courses of fresh water, that cross the Park. A few kilometres away, on the banks of Lake Paola, is the Villa of Emperor Domitian that can only be visited in the company of a guide and with authorisation from the Park. Opening hours: seasonal, i.e. it is recommended to contact the Visitors’ Centre at the Park. Emilio Greco Museum in the Town Hall Tel. 0773514263 Founded in 1985, thanks to a donation from Maestro Emilio Greco, who lived in Sabaudia for many years, the museum is composed of about ninety works: ink sketches, nitric acid etches, lithographic works, bronzes, gypsums, medals, silver coins and bas-reliefs. The collection is completed by a series of stamps created for important anniversaries and celebrations. Opening hours: from October to May: Tuesday to Friday, 9:30-12:30, Saturday and Sunday, 10:00-13:00 and 16:00-19:00, June and September: Tuesday to Sunday, 17:30-21:30; July and August: Tuesday to Sunday, 19:00-23:00. Permanent Display of Decorations from “The Divine Comedy” in the Tower of the Town Hall Tel. 0773514263. Inaugurated in 2003, the exhibit contains 200 illustrations (2 for each canto) of the Divine Comedy, created by Maestro Lorenzo Indrimi, using the nitric acid technique. The exhibit is divided throughout the eight floors of the tower, starting with illustrations of the Hell on the ground floor, then moving to those of Purgatory and Paradise. Opening hours: Summer, daily 18:00-23:00, other seasons by appointment. Historic Municipal Archives, Piazza Verbania Tel. 0773515791 Located in the old storage spaces of the National Veterans Association, the archives contain written and iconographic collections concerning the history of the territory and its populations: from the marshes to agricultural centre and tourist area. It is composed of three sections: cartographic (116 charts, including transparencies, blueprints, layouts and foundation plans of the city), photographic (approx. 2000 photographs, documenting the alteration of the landscape as a result of the reclamation) and documentary (deeds from the City Administration from 1934 to the present). Opening hours: Monday to Friday: 9:30-12:30 and 15:00-18:50. Documentation Centre on Health and Education in the “Claudia Ortese” Marshes of the National Park of Circeo, Via Litoranea, km.20,000 – Località Cocuzza Tel. 0773511385. Established in 1989, the centre is hosted in a building from 1927, situated within the Circe Woods of the State Forest; gathered here are documents, letters, photographs and books that illustrate the work carried out by those who spared no efforts in the marshes in order to alphabetise the “poor” and farmers and also give them health care. Opening hours: workdays: 9:00-13:00
S.FELICE CIRCEO
Permanent Exhibition, Homo Sapiens and Habitat, housed in Towers of the Templars, Piazzetta Lanzuisi Tel. 07735221. The exhibition displays authentic finds (stone and bone objects, ceramics, metal objects) belonging to regional and extra-regional prehistoric and protohistoric cultures. There are Pleistocene and Holocene fauna fossils an replicas of rare palaeoanthropologic fossils and palaeoethnological objects, and prehistoric and ethnographic objects from the entire world. Correlated to the exhibit are some very important sites, such as the Grotta Guattàri, Grotta delle Capre, Riparo Blanc and other coastal grottos. Opening hours: for information, Tel. 0773549038 - 368288844
SERMONETA
Diocesan Museum in the Cathedral of S. Maria Assunta, Piazza S. Maria Tel. 077330048. Inaugurated in 2003, it stands inside the former chapel of the SS. Magi and the Oratory of the Flagellants. The museum contains 16th-18th century painting, linked prevalently to the patronage of the Caetani Family, and church furnishings from the same period. Among the paintings, one notes the “Incoronazione della Vergine Maria” (Crowning of the Virgin Mary) by Girolamo Siciolante, “S. Michele Arcangelo” by Francesco da Castello and an “Annunciazione” ascribed to Matteo Rosselli. Opening hours: Friday: 15:00-18:00, Saturday and Sunday: 10:00-13:00 and 16:00-19:00, reservation compulsory for groups exceeding 20 persons. Museum of the History of Ceramics at the Palazzo Caetani Tel. 077330151. Founded in 2004, the exhibit is divided into three halls, in which the production of ceramics from prehistory up to the past century is largely followed. The objects displayed are principally crockery and glassware, burial fittings from the Sermonetana necropolis of Caracupa and votive pieces in terracotta and brickwork. Opening hours: Winter: Saturday, Sunday and holidays, 10:00-13:00 and 15:00-18:00; Summer: daily, 10:00-13:00 and 16:00-19:00. “Abate Stanislao White” Gallery at the Valvisciolo Abbey Tel. 077330013. Established in 2003 and dedicated to the generous Irish monk who spared no pains for the Valvisciolo Abbey, which he directed between the end of the 1800s and early 1900s, the Gallery originated from a donation of 41 works (almost all original engravings and designs dating back to between the 16th and 19th centuries) from Guglielmo Guidi. The collection is housed in spaces of the Dispensarium of the Abbey, where other works from the historic collection of the abbey are displayed. Opening hours: Saturday, Sunday and holidays, 8:30-12:30 and 15:30-18:30; other days by appointment. “C’era una volta” (Once upon a time) Museum, Via Montanara 3 Tel. 0773318303 – 077330312 (Associazione Pro Loco – Tourist Bureau). Set up in 2000, it includes six paintings which give a three-dimensional portrayal of the cycles of local life of time gone by: olive gathering, scale fishing, farm and preparation of cheeses, raising animals, working the fields, handicrafts, environments, scenes of home life. Opening hours: daily (excluding Thursday during Winter): 9:30-12:30 and 15:00-19:00; all day on holidays. Municipal Historic Archives, Via della Valle 17 Tel. 077330209. The archives hold diplomatic material dating back to the 16th century. This material is composed of civil and penal legal proceedings, administrative deeds and documents concerning municipal history, among which are those concerning relations between the Papal State and the Caetani Family. Open by request. Parrish Archives of S. Maria Assunta in Cielo, Piazza S. Maria Tel. 077330019. Abundant documentation dating back to the 15th century, to which the archives from the former S. Michele Arcangelo parish were added. Of special note are some registries and documents of the Brotherhood of the Flagellants and the SS. Sacramento, as well as some 15-century parchment antiphonaries. Open by request.
SEZZE
Archaeological Museum (former Municipal Antiquarium), Largo Bruno Buozzi 1 Tel. 077388179. The museum collects finds (coming from the municipality) and reconstructions referring to the prehistoric era (remains of elephas antiquus, i.e. a straight-tusked elephants; lithic tools, models of skulls), protohistoric era (burial jars and fittings, and bronze, lithic and bone objects) and Roman era (engravings, heads, masks, a polychrome mosaic). There is also a small collection of paintings (17th and 19th centuries) and a collection of minerals and fossils. Opening hours: daily, except Sunday afternoon and Monday: 9:00-13:00 and 16:00-19:00. Monti Lepini Museum of local Toys, Largo Bruno Buozzi, 3 Tel. 0773803797. Created by the Municipality in 1993, upon an initiative from the “Orso Rosso” recreation centre, the museum houses a collection of original and reconstructed toys, so-called “poor toys”, made of natural materials (leaves, stones, reeds, animal bones, etc.). There are over 400 pieces, some of which were made long ago: flutes, bird traps, bows, corncob dolls, cloth balls, whirligigs, flying screws and little carts. Open by reservation. Museum of Country Life, Via Piemonte 35 – Sezze Scalo Tel. 0773876154. Founded in 1999, the museum revives the principal rural constructions that no longer exist: from the typical stone and straw shed of the shepherds, to animal shelters, spaces for threshing and baking, animal troughs, cellars, and small chapels with images of protective saints. In one room, there is an exhibit of home fittings, typical of the early 1900s, with embroidery and musical instruments. Open by appointment. Historic Municipal Archives in the Municipal Library, Piazza Margherita, 1 Tel. 0773887184. The collection contains 180 parchments (13th – 18th centuries), public, private and notarial deeds, the city Statutes (1547), Consiliorum Books, boundary controversies with maps in water colours, deeds, cadastres, registries of letters received by the Mayor, Priors and Government Officials, Sindicatorum Books, Constitutorum books or Maleficiorum Books related to penal suits, accusations, complaints, interrogations. Opening hours: Monday to Friday: 9:00 to 13:00 and 15:00-19:00. Capitular Archives of the Basilica, Chapter of Canons of the Cathedral, Piazza del Duomo, 1 Tel. 077388209. The archives hold documents, starting from the 13th century, relative to activities of the chapter of the Cathedral and history of the early diocese of Priverno, Sezze and Terracina as well as other documents concerning the city. Of special interest is the parchment manuscript of the “legend” of S. Lidano d’Antena, the code of the local “Accademia degli Abbozzati” and the collection of writings from the priest and playwright, Don Titta Zarra. Open by request
SONNINO
Museum of the Borderlands, Via Giacomo Antonelli Tel. 0773907820. Founded in 2004 with the intention of dedicating a Museum to borderlands, since the entire history of the town is imbued by “borders”, from secular conflicts with Priverno to banditry in the open zone between the Papal State and the Kingdom of Naples, the museum was rearranged in July 2008. It is now interactive, with a set-up that shows scenes, episodes, dramatisations and other evocative multi-sensory stimuli. There are four thematic sections: the first, "Borderland. Why?" illustrates the reasons justifying the attention paid to Sonnino, a borderland; the second, “Patrimony represented/territory experienced", focuses on the relationship between some historic events, vital to the lives of the inhabitants, and current representations of local identity (divided into two rooms: "Sonnino 1819, a community at risk " and "On the shores of the Amaseno"); the third section is dedicated to three border personalities: "Maria Grazia, from deported to model", "Antonio Gasbarrone, a social bandit?", "Giacomo Antonelli, a Sonninese in the Curia"; the fourth section: "Words and images from elsewhere", valorises contemporary experiences in the territory, giving voice, above all, to young people ("Sonnino 2049. Patrimony/Workyard"). Opening hours: from September 15 to June 15: Tuesday and Thursday 9:00 to 13:00; Saturday and Sunday 9:00 to 13:00 and 14:30-18:00; from June 16 to September 14: Tuesday and Thursday 16:00-20:00; Saturday and Sunday, 9:00 to 13:00 and 16:00-20:00. Different days and hours by reservation only, with at least 3 days notice in advance Tel. 3460038931 or fax 0773908600. Closing days: December 25 and 31, January 1, Easter, August 15. Entrance fee: Euro 3.00 – reduced fee: 2.00 (under age 10 and over age 65; groups of at least 15 persons)
SPERLONGA
National Archaeological Museum and Villa and Grotto of Tiberius, Via Litoranea Flacca, km.16,600 Tel. 0771548028. This museum was specially created to house the monumental groups of sculptures portraying the undertakings of Ulysses, found at the end of the 1950s in thousands of fragments in the famous grotto of Tiberius that opens onto the sea. The four main groups identified to date represent: the blinding of Polyphemus by the Homeric hero; the assault of the Scylla monster on the ship; the theft of the Palladium from the Trojan temple of Athena; the so-called Pasquino. There are many other finds, most of which are sculptures, referable to the ornamental apparatus of the villa and mostly dating back to the 1st century A.D., and furnishings and detail manufactured items that document the unbroken continuity of life on the site until the post-classical period. Opening hours: daily (excluding January 1, May 1 and December 25) from 9:00 to sunset.
TERRACINA
Town Archaeological Museum, “Pio Capponi”, and Favisse of the High Temple, Piazza Municipio Tel. 0773707313. Established in 1894 and reorganised in 1999, the museum houses material that document the various historical phases of the city and territory. The most substantial nucleus is formed by finds from the late-Republican and Imperial Roman era. Of considerable interest is a statue of a male divinity, identified as Zeus, a portrait of a Hellenistic sovereign, a head portraying the Goddess Feronia, a series of male and female statues, a collection of epigraphs, honorary and sepulchral bases and stones. A new exhibition centre, set up in rooms below the Duomo di S. Cesareo (former favisse from the previous High Temple), houses floor mosaics from a home from the 2nd century A.D., discovered in the upper historic centre. Opening hours: from September to June: Tuesday to Saturday, 9.00-20:00, Sunday, 9:00-13:00 and 15:00-18:00, Monday, 9:00-14:00; July and August: Tuesday to Saturday, 9:30-15:30 and 17:00-21:00, Sunday, 10:00-13:00 and 17:00-21:00, Monday, 9:00-13:30. Historic Municipal Archives in the Torre dei Rosa – Piazza Municipio Tel. 0773702220. Housed in the 13th century Tower of Roses, on Piazza Municipio, these archives hold documentation related to city and territorial history. The collection on paper, dating from the 1600s, was recently reorganised and inventoried. Consultation of the documents is only allowed upon request. Opening hours: Monday and Wednesday: 11:45-14:00, Thursday: 15:30-17:30. Historic Archives of the “Urbano II” Diocese, Piazza del Municipio 19 Tel. 0773258441 (Diocesan Administration of Latina). Awaiting being moved into more suitable spaces, the archives are temporarily located in Terracina, where the diocesan archives of Priverno, Sezze and Terracina itself have been centralised. The current documentary assets (relative to the 13th to 20th centuries) deal with the history and rural life of the various communities in the aforesaid diocese. Opening hours: Tuesday and Thursday: 9:30-12:00, other days by appointment (Tel. 0773603788 – 0773632034).
VENTOTENE

Historic Archaeological Museum, Piazza Castello 1 Tel. 077185345. Established in 1986, the museum presents itself as an historic-topographic reading tool of the island, distinguished by chronology. Of natural support to this historic discourse are the various find flanked by an instructive layout. The core material originates from numerous finds and ongoing digs carried out in the area of the great Imperial Villa (known as Villa Giulia), aimed at creating an archaeological park. Of note is the documentation related to geology, protohistory, underwater retrievals, the events related to the S. Stefano prison dating back to the Bourbon period, a plastic model of the island during the Augustus period and another of the bordering citadel during the Fascist period. Opening hours: Summer: 10:00-13:00 / 18:00-20:00 / 22:00-24:00; by request during other seasons. Museum of Migration and Ornithological Observatory, Via Olivi Tel. 077185193. Inaugurated in 2006 and located in an edifice known as “Il Semaforo”, it is the only one of its kind in Italy, since it offers an opportunity to experience direct contact with the fascinating phenomenon of bird migrations along the Europe-Africa route. In addition, it follows the evolution of the thousand-year relationship that has linked man to migratory birds on the island of Ventotene. There are exhibits of life-size naturalistic models, dioramas and interactive panels. The Ornithological Observatory, for research and environmental monitoring, is found in the same building. Open by appointment (Bruno Maragoni - maragoni@latinaturismo.it) For in-depth information, please download the brochure "Musei e Archivi storici della provincial di Latina" from the page “Our publications” in the main menu

CISTERNA DI LATINA
La Raccolta Civica dedicata al Cavallo e al Buttero, ubicata a Palazzo Caetani, tel. Comune 06968341 è realtà quanto mai interessan­te, densa di significati e di rimandi a una storia che si perde in un lontano pas­sato, ma che trova nel XVI secolo una rilevante fase temporale. La Raccolta si compone di diverse sezioni:la sezione artistica accoglie opere contemporanee di artisti del XX secolo realizzate con tecniche e materiali ete­rogenei, ma tutte strettamente legate per tematica o per soggetto all’universo equestre. Installazioni, lavori grafici, collages, composizioni fotografiche e dipin­ti; la sezione documentale che narra, attraverso testi, immagini e documenti d’archivio, un brano di realtà storica riguardante la metamorfosi del paesaggio, l’attività svolta dalle aziende agrarie e dagli allevamenti equini, il lavoro dei butteri in ter­ritorio di Cisterna di Latina; la sezione patrimoniale, che comprende manufatti quali selle, finimenti, divise, strumenti rurali d’epoca, o in qualche caso moderni, ma sem­pre legati a vicissitudini e a episodi tanto comuni quanto a rischio di essere dimenticati.
 


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